Computex 2018 : Arm 高階 IP 導入未來趨勢,囊擴邊際運算、 AI 、 8K 體驗

2018.06.04 12:07PM
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Arm 今年 Computex 的重點在於上週甫發表的三項高階新 IP ,分別是新一代的 CPU 微架構 Cortex-A76 ,新一代高階 GPU 微架構 Mali-G76 以及可支援 8K 的影像處理器微架構 Mali-V76 ,此三項高階架構不僅在性能上再度提升,更以未來趨勢強化機械學習性能,以及注入新一代 8K 、 AR/VR 多媒體體驗。

在正式介紹三項新架構前,  Arm 副總裁 Nandan Nayampally 也將 Arm 去年一整年所發表的各項 IP 、技術等進行簡單的複習,同時重申 Arm 的 Project Trillium 是勢在必行的趨勢。

而此次公布的三大高階架構預計有望於 2019 年初導入市場新一代晶片,其中基於台積電 7FF 製程的 Cortex-A76 與 Cortex-A55  POP IP 預計在今年第四季開始提供。

為旗艦行動裝置與全時連網設備注入更強大性能的 Cortex-A76

Intel, Laptop, Mali, Graphics processing unit, Central processing unit, Arm Holdings, ARM architecture, Graphics, Innovation, for, intelligent, computing, 35, 40, More, performance, Better, power, efficiency, ML, improvements, Estimation, based, on, Cortex-A76, CPU,, 3GHz,, 7nm, implementation, Compared, to, Cortex-A75, CPU,, 2.8GHz,, 10nm, is, Limited, arm, technology, display device, presentation, electronic device, software, display advertising, advertising, multimedia, gadget, communication, 英特爾,筆記本電腦,馬里,圖形處理單元,中央處理器,ARM控股,ARM架構,圖形,創新,智能,計算,35,40,更多,性能,更好,功率,效率,ML,改進,估計, CPU,3GHz ,, 7nm,實現,比較,Cortex-A75,CPU ,, 2.8GHz,10nm,is,Limited,arm,technology,display device,presentation,electronic device ,軟件,展示廣告,廣告,多媒體,小工具,通訊

 

Cortex-A76 是隸屬 Arm v8.2 指令集的新一代 CPU 架構,不僅鎖定智慧手機,更是為全時聯網裝置所規劃的高性能架構,旨在實現兼具節能的筆記型電腦級性能,同時在特性上也支援如 Arm DynamIQ 、 x86 模擬等功能,搭配 Cortex-A55 ,可彈性的規劃如 1+7 、 2+6 或者 4+4 等組合。

相較當前基於 10nm 製程、時脈達 2.8GHz 的 Cortex-A75 ,預計基於 7nm 製程、時脈可達 3GHz 的 Cortex-A76 的性能可提升 35% ,但同時能耗降低 40% ,且相較之下機械學習性能可提升 4 倍。

Display device, Communication, Presentation, Computer Software, Academic conference, New media, Media, Convention, Computer Monitors, Cortex-A76 CPU delivers laptop-class performanceLaptop performance(relative scores based on AArch64 Speclnt2K6)2xPerformanceimprovement2.1x1.9xhok single-thread performance big.LITTLE performance 5wCortex-A73 Cortex-A75 Cortex-A7616nm10nm7nmarm2MB: Cortex-A76-3.3 GHz, L1 64KB, L2 512KB, L3 4MBCortex-A73-2.45GHz, L1 64KB, L3 2MB: Cortex-A75-2.8 GHz, L1 6417© 2018 Arm Limited, Cortex-A76, CPU, delivers, laptop-class, performance, Laptop, performance, (relative, scores, based, on, AArch64, Speclnt2K6), 2x, Performance, improvement, 2.1x, 1.9x, hok, single-thread, performance, big.LITTLE, performance, 5w, Cortex-A73, Cortex-A75, Cortex-A76, 16nm, 10nm, 7nm, arm, 2MB:, Cortex-A76-3.3, GHz,, L1, 64KB,, L2, 512KB,, L3, 4MB, Cortex-A73-2.45GHz,, L1, 64KB,, L3, 2MB:, Cortex-A75-2.8, GHz,, L1, 64, 17, 2018, Arm, Limited, presentation, software, technology, display device, multimedia, electronic device, communication, display advertising, website, academic conference, Cortex-A76 CPU delivers laptop-class performanceLaptop performance(relative scores based on AArch64 Speclnt2K6)2xPerformanceimprovement2.1x1.9xhok single-thread performance big.LITTLE performance 5wCortex-A73 Cortex-A75 Cortex-A7616nm10nm7nmarm2MB: Cortex-A76-3.3 GHz, L1 64KB, L2 512KB, L3 4MBCortex-A73-2.45GHz, L1 64KB, L3 2MB: Cortex-A75-2.8 GHz, L1 6417© 2018 Arm Limited, 顯示設備,通信,演示,計算機軟件,學術會議,新媒體,媒體,大會,計算機顯示器,Cortex-A76 CPU提供筆記本電腦級的性能laptop性能(基於AArch64 Speclnt2K6的相對分數)2xPerformanceimprovement2.1x1.9xhok單線程性能big.LITTLE性能5wCortex-A73 Cortex-A75 Cortex-A7616nm10nm7nmarm2MB:Cortex-A76-3.3 GHz,L1 64KB,L2 512KB,L3 4MBCortex-A73-2.45GHz,L1 64KB,L3 2MB:Cortex-A75-2.8 GHz,L1 6417 ©2010 ARM Limited,Cortex-A76,CPU,提供筆記本電腦級,性能,筆記本電腦,性能,(相對,分數,基於,AArch64,Speclnt2K6),2x,性能,改進,2.1倍,1.9倍,Hok ,單線程,性能,big.LITTLE,性能,5w,Cortex-A73,Cortex-A75,Cortex-A76,16nm,10nm,7nm,arm,2MB:,Cortex-A76-3.3,GHz ,, L1,64KB ,L2,512KB ,, L3,4MB,Cortex-A73-2.45GHz,L1,64KB ,, L3,2MB :, Cortex-A75-2.8,GHz ,, L1,64,17,2018,Arm,Limited,演示文稿,軟件,技術,顯示Cortex-A76 CPU提供筆記本級的性能laptop性能(基於AArch64 Speclnt2K6的相對分數)2x性能提升2.1x1.9xhok單線程性能big.LITTLE性能5wCortex -A73 Cortex-A75 Cortex-A7616nm10nm7nmarm2MB:Cortex-A76-3.3 GHz,L1 64KB,L2 512KB,L3 4MBCortex-A73-2.45GHz,L1 64KB,L3 2MB:Cortex-A75-2.8 GHz,L1 6417©2018 Arm Limited

 

Cortex-A76 在架構上強化的部分包括四大主要項目: 

1 、加入解耦合分支預測與指令預測,能使 Cortex-A76 的前端元件每個周期預估 4 到 8 個指令,同時利用多層式分支目標快取、混合間接預測器等維持最大處理量。

2、首度加入 4 解碼寬度核心,可使每周期處理指令最大數量增加,同時每周期達 8 個處理作業能分配到亂序執行核心,並支援更寬的空間與功耗最佳化指令窗口。

3、將具備 3 個簡單 ALU 與 1 個多週期整數處理元件的四指令管線整數處理單元直接內建於核心,同時雙指令管線原生式 16B ( 128bit )向量與浮點運算單元,藉此達到比 Cortex-A75 高出四倍的機器學習效能。

4 、除了快取階層針對延遲與頻寬進行協同最佳化以外, Cortex-A76 還配備精密的第四代預取器以及深度記憶體分層平行處理,使得記憶體系統相較前。式待進一步強化。

機器學習性能較前一世代強化 2.7 倍的 Mali-G76

Display device, Laptop, Mali, Graphics processing unit, Central processing unit, Arm Holdings, ARM architecture, System on a chip, Android, Premium experiences with premium graphicsEfficiently supporting growing graphics & ML complexity30%30%2.7xMore performance densityBetter energy efficiencyML improvementsCompared to Mali-G72 on same process node under similar conditions19O 2018 Arm Limitedarm, Premium, experiences, with, premium, graphics, Efficiently, supporting, growing, graphics, ML, complexity, 30, 30, 2.7x, More, performance, density, Better, energy, efficiency, ML, improvements, Compared, to, Mali-G72, on, same, process, node, under, similar, conditions, 19, 2018, Arm, Limited, arm, technology, display device, software, electronic device, presentation, display advertising, advertising, multimedia, communication, gadget, Premium experiences with premium graphicsEfficiently supporting growing graphics & ML complexity30%30%2.7xMore performance densityBetter energy efficiencyML improvementsCompared to Mali-G72 on same process node under similar conditions19O 2018 Arm Limitedarm, 顯示設備,筆記本電腦,Mali,圖形處理單元,中央處理器,Arm Holdings,ARM架構,片上系統,Android,高級圖形的高級體驗高效支持不斷增長的圖形和ML複雜性30%30%2.7x更高的性能密度更高的能源效率ML改進Mali-G72在同樣的過程節點下的相似條件下19O 2018 Arm Limitedarm,Premium,經驗,與,高級,圖形,高效,支持,增長,圖形,ML,複雜性,30,30,2.7x,更多,性能,密度更好,能源,效率,ML,改進,相比,到,Mali-G72,在,相同,過程,節點,在,相似,條件,19,2018年,手臂,有限公司,手臂,技術,顯示設備,軟件,電子設備,演示,展示廣告,廣告,多媒體,通信,小工具,高級圖形的高級體驗有效支持不斷增長的圖形和ML複雜性30%30%2.7x更高的性能密度更高的能效ML與類似條件下的相同過程節點上的Mali-G72相比較19O 2018 Arm Limitedarm

 

Mali-G76 可說是為搭配 Cortex-A76 所誕生的新世代旗艦 GPU ,除了較 Mali-G76 提升 30% 效能密度、 30% 能源效率提升以外,亦在機器學習部分提升 2.7 倍性能,能滿足包括遊戲娛樂、 AR / VR 以及異構運算等需求,同時亦可支援包括 Direct X12 、 Vulkan 等新世代指令集。

Display device, Computer Software, New media, Multimedia, Conversation, Media, Computer Monitors, Arm's highest performance premium GPUArchitectural improvements in Mali-G76armMALI-G76Three wide execution engines per shader coreInterntExecutionengine 0Executiohengine tExecutionengne 2Dual texture mapperMessage fabricLoad/store unitTexture unitVarying untShader core. Configurable 4 to 20 shader coresAdvanced tiling UnitConfigurable 2 to 4 slices of L2 cacheunitL2 cacheL2 cacheL2 cacheL2 cacheAMBA 4AMBA 4AMBA 4AMBA 420O 2018 Arm Limitedarm, Arm's, highest, performance, premium, GPU, Architectural, improvements, in, Mali-G76, arm, MALI-G76, Three, wide, execution, engines, per, shader, core, Inter, nt, Execution, engine, Executioh, engine, Execution, engne, Dual, texture, mapper, Message, fabric, Load/store, unit, Texture, unit, Varying, unt, Shader, core, Configurable, to, 20, shader, cores, Advanced, tiling, Unit, Configurable, to, slices, of, L2, cache, unit, L2, cache, L2, cache, L2, cache, L2, cache, AMBA, AMBA, AMBA, AMBA, 20, 2018, Arm, Limited, arm, technology, presentation, electronic device, display device, software, communication, multimedia, display advertising, media, conversation, Arm's highest performance premium GPUArchitectural improvements in Mali-G76armMALI-G76Three wide execution engines per shader coreInterntExecutionengine 0Executiohengine tExecutionengne 2Dual texture mapperMessage fabricLoad/store unitTexture unitVarying untShader core. Configurable 4 to 20 shader coresAdvanced tiling UnitConfigurable 2 to 4 slices of L2 cacheunitL2 cacheL2 cacheL2 cacheL2 cacheAMBA 4AMBA 4AMBA 4AMBA 420O 2018 Arm Limitedarm, 顯示設備,計算機軟件,新媒體,多媒體,會話,媒體,計算機顯示器,手臂的最高性能優質GPU架構改進Mali-G76armMALI-G76每個著色器核的三個寬執行引擎InterInExecutionengine 0執行程序執行程序2實際紋理映射器消息結構負載/存儲單元紋理單元變化的untShader核心。可配置4至20個著色器核心高級平鋪單元可配置2至4片L2 cacheunitL2 cacheL2 cacheL2 cacheL2 cacheAMBA 4AMBA 4AMBA 4AMBA 420O 2018 Arm Limitedarm,Arm's,最高性能,高級,GPU,架構,改進,in,Mali-G76,arm,MALI -G76,三,寬,執行,引擎,每,著色器,核心,nt,執行,發動機,執行,發動機,執行,engne,雙,紋理,映射器,信息,織物,加載/存儲,單位,紋理,單元,變化,未處理,著色器,核心,可配置,至,20,著色器,核心,高級,平鋪,單元,可配置,切片,L2,高速緩存,單元,L2,高速緩存L2,高速緩存L2 ,高速緩存,L2,緩存,AMBA,AMBA,AMBA,AMBA,20,2018,手臂,有限公司,手臂,技術,演示,電子設備,顯示設備,軟件,通信,多媒體,展示廣告,媒體,對話性能優勢GPU架構改進Mali-G76armMALI-G76每個著色器核心的三個寬執行引擎InterInExecutionengine 0Exec utiohengine tExecutionengne 2Dual紋理mapperMessage fabricLoad / store unitTexture unit變化的untShader核心。可配置的4至20個著色器核心高級平鋪單元可配置2至4片L2 cacheunitL2 cacheL2 cacheL2 cacheL2 cacheAMBA 4AMBA 4AMBA 4AMBA 420O 2018手臂有限臂

 

Mali-G76 可說是延續今年初主流 GPU IP Mali-G52 的旗艦版,基於 Mali 第三世代的 Bifrost 架構,僅使用不到 Mali-G52 兩倍的矽面積卻具備兩倍的效能;同時為了滿足機器學習需求, Mali-G76 支援 Int8 dot ,藉以滿足當前主流機器學習框架的需求。

同時 Mali-G72 配雙材質貼圖對映器,處理量相較 Mali-G72 高出兩倍,能夠在高度耗電情境大幅節能,另外也改善暫存器,使用容量較大的庫存器庫區並減少一半數量,能使空間與能源效率改善。

為 8K 做好準備的 Mali-V76

Display device, Laptop, Mali, Graphics processing unit, Central processing unit, Arm Holdings, ARM architecture, System on a chip, Android, Premium experiences with premium graphicsEfficiently supporting growing graphics & ML complexity30%30%2.7xMore performance densityBetter energy efficiencyML improvementsCompared to Mali-G72 on same process node under similar conditions19O 2018 Arm Limitedarm, Premium, experiences, with, premium, graphics, Efficiently, supporting, growing, graphics, ML, complexity, 30, 30, 2.7x, More, performance, density, Better, energy, efficiency, ML, improvements, Compared, to, Mali-G72, on, same, process, node, under, similar, conditions, 19, 2018, Arm, Limited, arm, technology, display device, software, electronic device, presentation, display advertising, advertising, multimedia, communication, gadget, Premium experiences with premium graphicsEfficiently supporting growing graphics & ML complexity30%30%2.7xMore performance densityBetter energy efficiencyML improvementsCompared to Mali-G72 on same process node under similar conditions19O 2018 Arm Limitedarm, 顯示設備,筆記本電腦,Mali,圖形處理單元,中央處理器,Arm Holdings,ARM架構,片上系統,Android,高級圖形的高級體驗高效支持不斷增長的圖形和ML複雜性30%30%2.7x更高的性能密度更高的能源效率ML改進Mali-G72在同樣的過程節點下的相似條件下19O 2018 Arm Limitedarm,Premium,經驗,與,高級,圖形,高效,支持,增長,圖形,ML,複雜性,30,30,2.7x,更多,性能,密度更好,能源,效率,ML,改進,相比,到,Mali-G72,在,相同,過程,節點,在,相似,條件,19,2018年,手臂,有限公司,手臂,技術,顯示設備,軟件,電子設備,演示,展示廣告,廣告,多媒體,通信,小工具,高級圖形的高級體驗有效支持不斷增長的圖形和ML複雜性30%30%2.7x更高的性能密度更高的能效ML與類似條件下的相同過程節點上的Mali-G72相比較19O 2018 Arm Limitedarm

 

8K 隨著東京奧運即將開跑,目前已經在許多先進國家開始進行試播,可預期不僅是智慧電視,手機也將跟上這股趨勢, Arm 最新的影像處理器 Mali-V76 就是為 8K UHD 與新一代 VR 與 AR 體驗所開發的產物。

Computer Monitors, Multimedia, Communication, Television, Flat panel display, Video, New media, Electronics, Projection Screens, Presentation, Mali-V76 video processor: Optimized for decodeDelivers 8K60 performanceReady for high-res VR/ARCapable of decoding one8K60 video streamEnables Video Wall4x4 1080p wall at 60 fps2x2 2160p wall at 60 fps.40% greater decodeperformance densityarm25 2018 Arm Limited, Mali-V76, video, processor:, Optimized, for, decode, Delivers, 8K60, performance, Ready, for, high-res, VR/AR, Capable, of, decoding, one, 8K60, video, stream, Enables, Video, Wall, 4x4, 1080p, wall, at, 60, fps, 2x2, 2160p, wall, at, 60, fps, 40, greater, decode, performance, density, arm, 25, 2018, Arm, Limited, technology, electronic device, presentation, display device, multimedia, gadget, media, display advertising, communication, projection screen, Mali-V76 video processor: Optimized for decodeDelivers 8K60 performanceReady for high-res VR/ARCapable of decoding one8K60 video streamEnables Video Wall4x4 1080p wall at 60 fps2x2 2160p wall at 60 fps.40% greater decodeperformance densityarm25 2018 Arm Limited, 計算機監視器,多媒體,通信,電視,平板顯示器,視頻,新媒體,電子產品,投影屏幕,演示文稿,Mali-V76視頻處理器:針對decodeDelivers優化8K60性能適用於高分辨率VR / ARC解碼one8K60視頻流啟用Video Wall4x4 1080p牆,60 fps2x2 2160p牆,60 fps.40%更高的解碼性能密度arm25 2018 Arm Limited,Mali-V76,視頻,處理器:,優化,解碼,交付,8K60,性能,Ready,for,high-res,VR / AR,Capable,of,解碼,一個,8K60,視頻,流,啟用,視頻,牆,4x4,1080p,牆,在,60,fps,2x2,2160p,牆,在,60,fps,40,更大技術,電子設備,演示文稿,顯示設備,多媒體,小工具,媒體,顯示廣告,通信,投影屏幕,Mali-V76視頻處理器:針對decodeDelivers 8K60性能適用於高分辨率VR / ARC解碼one8K60視頻流以60 fps的速度在60 fps2x2 2160p牆處啟用視頻Wall4x4 1080p牆。40%的解碼性能密度armarm 2018 Arm Limited

 

Arm-V76 藉由加入額外的 AXI 匯流排提升一倍的處理量,並將影像管線的線緩衝區翻倍達到 8,192 個,並且預先搭載 8K 30fps 解碼功能,可提供 8K 所需的基本架構需求,同時也能夠作為如四路 4K 或是 16 路 FullHD 等彈性應用,諸如電視牆等亦可使用 Arm-V76 方案實現。

Computer Monitors, Multimedia, Presentation, Computer Software, Electronics, Expanding the mobile experienceInnovation on mobile from small screens to large is changing theuser experience and continues to push growthThe new premium IP deliversLaptop-class performanceHigh-end gaming with cross-platform experiences.8k viewing experienceArm with its ecosystem is aligning itself to meet customer needand get ready for 5G evolution for truly connected experiencescustomer needs.nd get ready for SG evolution for27 2018 Arm Limitedarm, Expanding, the, mobile, experience, Innovation, on, mobile, from, small, screens, to, large, is, changing, the, user, experience, and, continues, to, push, growth, The, new, premium, IP, delivers, Laptop-class, performance, High-end, gaming, with, cross-platform, experiences, .8k, viewing, experience, Arm, with, its, ecosystem, is, aligning, itself, to, meet, customer, need, and, get, ready, for, 5G, evolution, for, truly, connected, experiences, customer, needs, nd, get, ready, for, SG, evolution, for, 27, 2018, Arm, Limited, arm, display device, technology, presentation, multimedia, display advertising, software, media, computer monitor, electronics, Expanding the mobile experienceInnovation on mobile from small screens to large is changing theuser experience and continues to push growthThe new premium IP deliversLaptop-class performanceHigh-end gaming with cross-platform experiences.8k viewing experienceArm with its ecosystem is aligning itself to meet customer needand get ready for 5G evolution for truly connected experiencescustomer needs.nd get ready for SG evolution for27 2018 Arm Limitedarm, 計算機顯示器,多媒體,演示,計算機軟件,電子產品,擴大移動體驗從小屏幕到大屏幕的移動創新正在改變用戶體驗,並繼續推動增長新的高級IP提供laptop級性能高端遊戲帶有跨平台體驗。體驗與其生態系統一致,以滿足客戶的需求,並為5G演進做好準備,以實現真正連接的體驗用戶需求。並準備好進行SG演進27,208 Arm Limitedarm,擴展,移動,體驗,創新,移動,從小,屏幕,大,是,改變,用戶,體驗,並繼續,推動,增長,新,高級,IP,提供,筆記本電腦級,性能,高端,遊戲,與,跨平台,體驗,.8k,觀看,體驗,手臂,與,它的生態系統,是,對齊,本身,到,見面,客戶,需要和,準備,為,5G,演變,真正的,連接的,經驗,客戶,需求, nd,獲得,準備,為,SG,進化,為,27,2018年,手臂,有限公司,手臂,顯示設備,技術,演示文稿,多媒體,顯示廣告,軟件,媒體,計算機顯示器,電子產品,擴大移動體驗創新從小屏幕移動到大屏幕正在改變用戶體驗,並繼續推動增長新的高級IP提供laptop級別的性能高端遊戲具有跨平台體驗.8k觀看體驗其生態系統正在協調滿足客戶需求並為5G演進做好準備真正連接experiencescustomer needs.nd準備為SG進化為27 2018年Arm Limitedarm

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